.NET (articulated as “dot net”) – is a recognizable term to numerous and obscure to other people. Microsoft created .Net technology to work on its flagship Windows OS. Ever since .Net arrived on the scene, Microsoft has consistently released upgrades and add-ons to improve the efficiency and scope of the framework.
In this article, I will be discussing what is .Net framework, its foundational structure and the diverse technologies built within the framework.
Microsoft released the dot NET framework in the latter half of the 1990s, and by late 2001 the beta version of .NET framework 1.0 was available on shelves. Since 2001, Microsoft has continued to upgrade the framework by releasing version2.0 and subsequently version 4.0. The highly efficient features that each new iteration released by Microsoft have now made a powerful impression on the market, enhancing the value of the .NET framework in the eyes of the development community.
Every change/upgrade Microsoft releases is targeted at offering enhanced functionalities and features that cater to a diverse set of requirements and exceed customer expectations every time.
Let’s get this going with an overview of the architecture of the .NET framework.
1. CLI (Common Language Infrastructure)
One of the most important .Net framework technologies is the Common Language Infrastructure of the .NET framework. It offers a comparable language platform on which developers can efficiently build and execute applications. With CLI, the .NET framework supports different languages upheld by a framework like j#, C#, and VB.NET.
2. CLR (Common Language Runtime)
Common language runtime executes .NET projects runtime. Aside from this, it additionally offers types of assistance like security, memory management, type wellbeing, trash assortment, string management, and exemption handling.
3. FCL (Framework Class Library)
Framework class library is answerable for providing support for a few programming languages like C#, VB, F#, and so forth.
It’s an assortment of classes, interfaces, esteem types and includes execution of base class libraries.
There are two sorts of Assemblies:
1) Process Assemblies (.EXE)
2) Library Assemblies (.DLL)
5. Application Models
Application models are utilized to make applications. Since we know the different parts of DotNet, how about taking a peek at a couple of more fundamental inquiries to be remembered while working with the framework or enlisting .NET development services.
- .NET sports alternatives that ease the process of developing a web application
- How to pick which framework the capabilities of which are most suited is to your needs
Frameworks within .NET Family
1. WEB Forms
.NET development service providers use Web Forms as a web application framework in which applications can be written in C# or VB.NET.
- Server Controls
Much like HTML controls, at the point when a website page is mentioned, server controls deliver the HTML and send it back to the browser.
- Master Pages
An expert page is utilized to define a reliable format that is shared across different ASPX pages.
URL Routing permits applications to acknowledge demand URLs that don’t guide to physical ASPX records. Routing creates a virtual map between the physical record and the URL mentioned.
- State Management
State management allows the user to save the data on a per-page basis as well as application-wide.
Ranging from tampering, spoofing, forswearing of administration to information divulgence, and so forth, Microsoft gives numerous assets to make an application safer.
ASP.NET web forms permit you to adjust and improve performance identified with a site page, state management, control processing, application setup, and productive coding rehearses.
ASP.NET, IIS, and Visual studio give apparatuses to convey your ASP.NET web application.
Web Forms use cases
- State management and server control in web forms can be used to safeguard the data over HTTP.
- If you are developing less unpredictable applications, it very well may be put to use; since WEB Forms are firmly integrated, and only one individual can deal with each site page in turn.
- If you have a little group with restricted engineers and creators and need to perform a quick turn of events, then, at that point, it the ideal platform.
- If there are regular and fast turns of events and deployment required, then, at that point, you may utilize Web forms.
The ASP.NET MVC framework is an option given by Microsoft to creating web applications. The model-View-Controller pattern isolates code and shows that makes it lightweight, highly testable, and well coupled. ASP.NET web development is known for its flexibility, scalability, and overall efficiency.
- Separation of Concerns
Model-View-Controller patterns permit separation of code, show, and input rationale that permit quick and adaptable unit testing.
- Powerful Routing
A solid and helpful URL mapping part that doesn’t include record expansion facilitates easy SEO and REST addressals.
MVC use cases
- If you have a mind-boggling application and you need to isolate it into independent parts like a plan, code, and input rationale, and so on
- MVC is ideal when you need full command over the conduct of the web application.
- If you need a test-driven turn of events, then, at that point, MVC is the ideal fit.
You have an enormous group of engineers and website specialists to construct and maintain the web application, following web development trends.
3. .NET Core
.NET Core is a free, open-source, and cross-platform that supports Windows, Linux, as well as macOS. .NET Core was released in 2016. It was created by Microsoft and then delivered under an MIT license.
- Cross-Platform and Containers
Runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS
- Built-in Dependency Injection
A massive issue was resolved in ASP.NET Core when implicit help accommodated dependency injection. It gave a simple method to injecting DB setting, logging setting, and others into the controller.
It permits the servers to send real-time notifications to online clients.
- Self-facilitated Webapps
ASP.NET Core can be facilitated on IIS or is self-facilitated.
.NET Core use cases
- Cross-platform needs
.Net Core is a highly capable framework to develop cross-platform applications.
Containers are utilized alongside microservices.
- Running various .NET versions parallelly
.NET Core upholds the installation of various versions on a similar server.
The DotNET Core application might be facilitated on the following.
Microsoft .NET frameworks continue to remain on the upper echelons of development tools given their scope, scalability, and efficiency. On an individual note, I would like to move with the most recent technology at whatever point conceivable. Nonetheless, picking the right technology relies upon application necessities, features, and backing of the framework. So there you have it. I hope that this article has been informative and tells you all you need to know about the.NET framework and which subset to use according to your requirements.
Maitray Gadhavi contributes to Radixweb as a senior business development manager. Focusing on accelerating the growth of organizations through innovation-led .NET development, Maitray balances long-term gains in the ever-evolving industry of .NET development. He excels at bringing the voice of customers into the enterprise. When not at work, you can find him binge-watching his favourite series to unwind.